Microdermabrasion: About, Procedure, Side Effects, Short Term and Long term Benefits to the Skin

Are you worried about various skin problems that make you look dull? Want a smooth, glowing, and beautiful Skin that adds charm to your beauty but has skin problems that are obstructing you to acquire the skin you desire?

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Well here is something interesting for all beauty and skin lovers which may help you get rid of multiple skin problems. If your skin problems match any of the skin problems given in the list below, then you have come to the right place.

Find your skin type whether dry, oily, normal, or combination and the problems with your skin in the list below:

This article reveals one solution for all skin lovers who want to get rid of any of the skin issues mentioned above.

“Microdermabrasion” is the solution to many skin problems. Let’s have a detailed discussion on what Microdermabrasion is? How does it benefit the skin? How is it done? And much more information about the same.

What Is Microdermabrasion?

Microdermabrasion is a new but popular and innovative technique in the medical world of skin treatment and cosmetics. It is a quick, painless, and easy, uncomplicated cosmetic treatment with minimal risk to remove and exfoliate (shed or peel) dead cells of the skin from the outer layer of skin.

Microdermabrasion skin treatment is also known by some other names too such as- Lunchtime Peel, Diamond Peel, Parisian peel, and Microderm.

It Involves machines that use suction and abrasion to clean, polish, and brighten the skin by using diamond tips or by using a fine crystal stream. Some of the microdermabrasion machines have suctioned as well to vacuum loose and free cells of the skin from the face.

Microdermabrasion has benefits of rapid recovery and low risk as compared to many other skin resurfacing methods like-laser resurfacing, chemical peeling and many more. Because this skin treatment works by removal of superficial or the outermost layer of skin, it gives best results in improving the on the surface condition of the skin like sun damage, age spots, fine lines, and scarring at the superficial layer of skin.

Though the face is the most common and the usual area for this treatment, any area of skin like the neck, hands, chest, the back can be treated.

Microdermabrasion targets at the removing slightest of the outer layer of skin called stratum corneum. Its cleaning process can be considered much like and similar to that of brushing the teeth. Just like brushing the teeth removes the plaque from the teeth, likewise, microdermabrasion removes the skin debris, dirt, and plaque from the skin very gently without causing any pain.

In fact, many persons who underwent microdermabrasion treatment say that it gives a feel somewhat similar to the feeling of a cat licking your face- a kind of rough with a gentle texture.

How Microdermabrasion Benefits the Skin?

Though microdermabrasion aims to give a smoother and even-toned appearance on the face, yet it gives results and can be used for most skin problems. Getting the treatment done is the solution to many skin problems at the same time. Below listed are the benefits it can provide to the skin.

Reduced Appearance of Fine Lines and Anti-aging Signs

Microdermabrasion removes the dead cell and dead skin. Removal of dead cells increases the blood circulation level. With the opened channel, it allows an increased level of hydration and easy delivery of the nutrients required by the cells which stimulate collagen production in the skin. Collagen provides elasticity and strength to the Skin.

With increasing age, the level of collagen in the skin continues to fall which makes the skin more prone to acquire wrinkles and fine lines. Regular microdermabrasion treatments can assist your skin in collagen production which will plump the skin to give you a young appearance.

Age Spots and Skin Discoloration Reduction

The slight suction used by the handheld Microdermabrasion machine helps in skin oxygenation. Oxygen is a vital element that is required for the optimal functioning of all the cells. The reduction in the amount of oxygen supply weakens the cell walls which makes the cells more susceptible to damage which causes skin discoloration and age spots.

Hence, microdermabrasion increases oxygenation to the cells leading to rejuvenation of skin cells and improves skin longevity.

Enhances Smoothness, Brightness, and Even Skin Tone

Since Microdermabrasion lightly exfoliates (Sheds) the upper layer of skin (epidermis), it removes the dead cells from the surface and gives a smoother skin, and improves the texture and skin tone making the skin look brighter, younger, healthier, and more even surface of the skin than before. The treatment is safe for a person with any skin tone.

How Microdermabrasion Procedure is Done?

The process involved in this treatment is carried out by a special hand-held machine to exfoliate the unwanted dead cells and abrade some of the parts of the top layer of skin to remove the dirt, unwanted and dead skin.

There are three different types of procedure to carry out the treatment namely,

Crystal Microdermabrasion

Crystal Microdermabrasion is the traditional method of abrading the skin layer.

This technique involves a handpiece machine that emits very tiny crystals on the required skin area. This hand-held machine gently sprays fine crystals which helps in rubbing away the top layer of skin.

A system of crystal microdermabrasion involves a pump that is connected to a tube, handpiece, and vacuum. The pump produces a stream of inert crystals with high pressure. These crystals can include any of these crystals – crystals of Aluminum oxide, sodium chloride, magnesium oxide, and most commonly the crystals of sodium bicarbonate.

These streams with a high pressure generated by the pump abrade the skin. While the exfoliated cells of the skin and the crystals are removed by the vacuum. These inert crystals can also be replaced by a suitable tip of the roughened surface just like the diamond tip used in diamond microdermabrasion.

Diamond Tip Microdermabrasion

The handheld machine used in this technique involves a diamond-tipped handheld device. This technique works differently by not producing any crystal particle that is used in crystal microdermabrasion, which may blow into the eyes or maybe inhaled into the nose by a patient. Hence, diamond microdermabrasion can be considered to be safer to use around sensitive skin areas like the nose and eyes.

The diamond-tipped microdermabrasion handheld device exfoliates the dead cells from the skin very gently and will suck them out using immediate suction.

The depth of the skin layer to be abraded can be decided by the applied pressure on the diamond-tipped machine as well as the time allowed for the suction to remain on the skin.


Hyderadermabrasion in the microdermabrasion is a newly invented technique. This technique includes a simultaneous combination of crystal-free products infused with dermal products. This process assists with the production of collagen in the skin which dramatically maximizes the level of blood flow into the skin

Difference between Microdermabrasion and Dermabrasion

Microdermabrasion is not as invasive as Dermabrasion. Microdermabrasion and Dermabrasion are two different skin treatments and techniques in terms of intensity and should not be considered the same. 


Dermabrasion as compared to microdermabrasion is a more invasive procedure involved in skin treatment. It can be considered a surgical procedure that is performed by plastic surgeons or dermatologists under general or local anesthesia. Without anesthesia, the procedure could be much more painful.

Dermabrasion is recommended for deeper acne scars and scars caused by surgery and accidents, and for removing tattoos. With this technique plastic surgeons or Dermatologists, sand the patient’s skin with special instruments making way for a newer and smoother skin layer replacing the earlier existing skin.

It was developed for improving acne scars, scars caused by disease or from accidents, pox marks. It is only suitable for people with fair skin and doesn’t work for dull skin or skin with a dark complexion. For dark skin, it can result worse causing skin discoloration or scarring.


While microdermabrasion uses spraying very fine exfoliating crystals on the required skin. It works well for skin problems like brown spots, age spots, and dull Skin.

Microdermabrasion takes lesser downtime than Dermabrasion. The skin initially becomes temporarily pink after the treatment but recovers completely within 24 hours. Moreover, It does not need any anesthetics or surgery done in Dermabrasion

Microdermabrasion works well with all and any skin type and any color. It makes subtle changes in the skin making it smoother without changing the skin color or scarring. It doesn’t work with deeper skin problems like stretch marks, scars, deep acnes.

Side Effects of Microdermabrasion                  

Before undergoing the procedure, talk to the Doctor about any of the medications you are undergoing. If one has taken isotretinoin– a medicine for acne in the last six months, it is recommended for them to wait prior to getting the treatment. Getting the treatment with the ongoing medication of isotretinoin without giving a gap may lead to an increased risk of getting scars and other skin-related complications.

If any patch or spot is observed to be growing on the skin with bleeding or any other unwanted changes appear on the skin, Speak regarding the problems with your doctor as these issues might be an indication of skin cancer.

Overly and aggressive microdermabrasion can cause the following risks to the skin:

  • Skin breaks
  • PIH (Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation)
  • Ecchymosis (Increased bruising risk)

The tendency to these risks increases, if a person is consuming aspirin or blood thinner such as warfarin, clopidogrel bisulfate, etc.

A person might also notice the following skin problems after Microdermabrasion:

  • Sunburn
  • Swelling on skin
  • Skin redness
  • Bruising
  • A stinging or  a burning sensation
  • Increased skin sensitivity to sun exposure.

It is recommended to protect skin from sun exposure and using sun protection for reduced risk to get any side effects.

Short Term Benefits of the Treatment

As human skin regenerates at an interval of approximately 30 days, the improvement in skin can be considered to be much as temporary. Therefore, the treatment is required to be done at average and repeated intervals of about 2- 4 weeks for continued skin improvements. Best results can be acquired by getting multiple treatments with a combination of sun avoidance, sunscreen, and some other skincare products and creams.

Here are some points listing out the benefits of the procedure:

  • Microdermabrasion has rapid recovery and low risk over other alternative skin-based treatments.
  • It can improve the overall appearance of skin by reducing signs of early aging, fine lines, mild and slight acne marks, recovery from sun damage and evening the skin tone, etc.
  • It doesn’t cause any pain and it requires no anesthetics or needles.
  • It improves the skin texture and provides more smoothness to the skin with a better tendency to absorb moisturizers.

Long term Benefits of the Treatment

For the ones, who are concerned with serious skin issues like unevenness, discoloration, frequent blemishes, scarring, or deep wrinkles, a long-term plan is the best option for getting improvised and healthy skin.

  • Fresher and newly looking skin.
    • Diminished Fine lines.
    • Brighter skin tone.
    • Reduced wrinkles
    • Even Skin Tone

For getting the desired result for minimizing the aging signs on the face, a person needs to undergo 5-16 treatments before seeing any result. One can take the treatment weekly or twice a week or once a month depending on their skin type.


Microdermabrasion is a treatment in cosmetics that aims to provide a smoother, brighter, and younger appearance to skin adding beauty and charm to the face. It mostly requires some sessions though results are noticeable after getting the treatment once depending on the type of skin and severity of the skin-related issues from mild to acute. Several people prefer to go with the treatment procedure to diminish visible aging signs and aging effects, or to remove the scars caused by acne.

Though the treatment is highly popular among skin and beauty lovers, remember that it may leave some side effects too like swelling, burning sensation, increased risk to sunburns, etc.

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