Does Melanin Really Decide Your Skin Color? Role of Melanin and It’s Facts

In scientific terms, Melanin pigment is created in the epidermis by genetic cells, i.e. neural crest-derived cells which migrate as melanoblasts, melanocytes, throughout the process of embryogenesis, into the hair follicles and epidermis through the mesenchyme.

Melanin is the term related to skin complexion; this can originate in most of the human as well as animals. Along with genes, one should also concentrate on melanin; which is responsible for transformation in facial appearance. The pigment can change your color from dark-brown to yellowish-red to dark brown.

This transformation takes place due to a group of cells known as melanocytes. Talking about the production of Eumelanin and pheomelanin; it is responsible for red hair and freckles.

How Melanin is inter-related with Human Health:

On important, it is important for us to understand how melanin is inter-connected with health. According to dermatologists, it has been concluded that if melanocytes are unable to create enough amount of melanin in your skin, hair and eyes, color then it can result in albinism, i.e. reduced sight.

Melanin generally assembled inside melanosomes which carry enzymes and tyrosine along with it. According to a survey people those who are suffering from albinism have to pay extra attention; because they are at higher risk of skin infection. The major issue which they can face is skin cancer; it is because melanin cannot protect the skin from sun rays.

How does melanin decide skin color?

Every individual has different skin type and color; it can range up to different shades, i.e. dark brown to white. Though there are numerous factors which influence your skin color, it can be either genetic or pigment, i.e. known as melanin. All this can affect hair as well as eye color.

Melanin is formed from the skin cells; more is the sun exposure, more amount of melanin will be produced.

Melanin can be categorized into two main types:

•    Eumelanin
•    Pheomelanin

1.    Eumelanin:

This takes place in those people who undergo from regular sun exposure. In such cases the level of eumelanin increases. This can make your skin brownish, or it appears like tanning which also act as a protective mask against harmful rays of the sun. Hence it reduces the risk of burning sensation as well as skin cancer which takes places due to excessive sun exposure.

2.    Pheomelanin:

In simple terms, the irregular sun exposure can give rise to Pheomelanin, i.e. burning sensation and all. Those who rarely go out for sun exposure are highly affected by Pheomelanin; in such cases, the skin cancer risk increases.

Why there is Need of Melanin:

Melanin plays an important role in protecting skin from harmful radiations. So we can say that melanin has ample of benefits; the most popular is it can act as a protected layer for ultraviolet rays. Whenever you get exposure to the sun, our body exudes melanin to guard internal organs of the skin. Thus we can say it fights with harmful rays and protect the skin.

However, it has concluded from the survey that it does not offer overall protection. Still, people suffer from wrinkles, darker skin tones. We all know that no one can survive for long hours standing under sun rays for unlimited hours. Generally, people having light skinned highly to get a sunburn while standing under the midday sun.

More melanin good or bad:

According to reports of dermatologist’s blondes, redheads and blondes give rise to skin cancer. As we all know Pheomelanin can expand the content of melanin. Therefore Melanin available in hair follicles or particularly in light hair can increase the harmful effects of sun rays and results in the death of cells.  So we can say that melanin does not only contain pros; but also have some cons. Therefore the results of melanin depend upon the color of your skin.

Is there a way to reduce melanin in the skin?

The only way to reduce the melanin in the skin is taking extreme protection while going out. Therefore direct exposure can be avoided or have to stay away from direct sun rays. The best way is to cover up your face while going out especially in midday.

You can also make use of sunscreen ointments in overall parts of your body, i.e. shoulders, arms, face and neck.


It is important to protect your skin from harmful ultraviolet rays, or other radiations. Moreover, we can say that proper shielding is important to overcome from skin exposure.

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